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Sugar Sweetness' reality

By: bass001

“You Prefer Brown or White Sugar”? “Never mind, both Sugar types’ taste is almost similar and leads to fatness!”

You often hear this sentence, without concluding the Sugar' value in most of worldwide products creation. Al Khaleej Sugar, The largest standalone sugar refinery in the world- expounds the substantial sugar quality' importance for most sectors..

Never thought of the Sugar origin? Well, it starts from the cane, becomes raw Sugar material looking like brown sugar product to glance, and ends to many types based on different refining degrees;

What maintains a chocolate bar solidity & provides the “Yummy” taste?  It is the Coarse Sugar, the solid sugar caliber used by manufacturers to maintain chocolate cohesion with other layers like caramel, wafer, mousse etc..

When you grab a coke or a soft drink, you just enjoy the sweet taste, without recognizing that the Extra fine Sugar is the preferred component for industrials to make your taste sweetener & differentiated from other drinks

“I need the table Sugar please”. Well, this is the fine or the white Sugar used and prepared by traders and brand makers to provide it to our daily use.

Want to  know more about Sugar procurement? Don’t hesitate to converse your inquiries to reality by contacting Al Khaleej Sugar top' producers..

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Systems Analysis & Design

By: Solikeme

Principles of Systems Analysis and Design

It is self-explanatory in the above sentence that systems analysis and design is basically analysing systems and hen designing them. In a business environment, a company lays out the goals and purposes of its operation and then designs a system to achieve them in a well-organized and profitable way. If you are an analyst starting out in Information Technology and learning how this process is implemented then sit back, relax and take notes as this blog is going to give you a first stage knowledge of two widely use methodologies that discuss the principles of Systems Analysis and Design.

Systems Development Lifecycle

Let me start this off with a diagram

http://www.creativehive.org/hive/resources/uploadsnew/images/sdlc.jpg

The systems development Lifecycle identifies a step by step processes that must be implemented to create an effective system that gives successful results. This is the basic fundament that contributes towards planning IT system for an organization and depending on their requirements, these steps can be modified to adapt to different types of these cycles i.e. The Waterfall Model, Analysis and Design Model (SAD) or rapid application design (RAD).

There are various approaches you can take to implement these cycles and these are called ‘development practises’. These practises are the framework that set standards for a fully working IT system. Now let’s discuss these approaches from the development practises.

Data Flow Diagrams

Simply put it is a graphical representation that shows how data is processed by a system by inputs and outputs. Let me explain this with an example. A mail order store receives orders through their pre distributed catalogues either through telephone or text. The company processes the order, send it for delivery with an invoice. Upon delivery, the customer sends the payment and then receive the receipt.  Henceforth you as an analyst can construct a graphical representation to identify data flowing to and from the system.

CASE Tools

CASE stands for Computer Aided Software Engineering. CASE tools are there to maintain the system. These are very hand when a system involves a large number participants relaying and receiving information i.e. inputs and outputs. This gives analysts as well as coder writers, managers and developers an opportunity to monitor the progress of a system being designed. This allows them to create a system that would meet real world requirements that the system is going to meet.  

Let’s Look at the Waterfall Cycle

The Waterfall Cycle

http://www.buzzle.com/images/diagrams/waterfall-model-diagram.jpg(reference at the bottom)

The process of system analysis must go through stages so that to ensure a balanced spread of attention and implementation.

Requirements

This is where the analysts and business owners outline the needs that are to be met by the new system. Everything including current systems, is taken into account so that an outline of the system can be designed. This is a time consuming stage as all parties are aiming to agree on a decision taking into account factors such as budgeting and the timeframe.

Analysis

The stage where data is collected from existing systems or records to create and modify the new system. At this stage hypothetical ideas are generated to check whether there is a possibility that an existing system can be modified.

Design

The end user of the system is the main focus at this stage. The requirement and analysis stages are taken into account and then a design is prepared which helps to specify hardware and software requirements with an overall visual graphics.

Coding

Handled by programmers and developers, the apprehension of the design stage is constructed and pre discussed concepts and ideas are put into visual graphics. This type of coding may as well be of C# or CSS. The generated code is reviewed and scanned for coding errors and weaknesses.

The new system is born!

Testing

The stage where the business can test the system with different inputs and then monitor the outputs i.e. an everyday scenario. It is trialled to check if it will meet the requirements of a task it was initially designed for and tested for margins it to be operated in.

Acceptance

The final stage of the process where further tests are done and the system is rolled onto the businesses’ database to start operating. Maintenance is the responsibility of the IT department where they are advised by developers to act upon any errors or anomalies the new system might face in the future.

Now that you know about how a system is born and the principles that factorise in designing it, let’s look at advantages and disadvantages of using such process.

Disadvantages

Looking at how the process flows in streams it can be challenged that once these mutually dependent stages are completed, it is very difficult to go back and amend. Simply because changing a factor at one stage means that the entire factors would have to be modified on other stages.

This produces a high amount of vagueness about the end result as the actual working system is not produced until the later stages of coding.

As we can see that it is a simple process it may actually be a non-suitable approach to design complex systems as it would lack the imagination and attention to detail.

One of the biggest disadvantage to take into account is that if the new analysis and design is complex and takes a long time to complete, the hardware and software may actually become non consistent with the needs of the end user considering rapid development of the technology being used.

Advantages

The disadvantages do balance themselves as we talk about how this model is ideal when the resources are limited and simplicity is the key.

A business can brainstorm ideas and can test them easily as result is given on each stage making it more interactive.

Project managers can easily see the progress and therefore stabilizing the need to change their business practices which helps them to detect errors and clear confusions as to whether the system will give the positive outcome.

Every stage is user orientated therefore the end results can be expected to do exactly the job it was designed for.  

 

References

Alam, S. (2012). Waterfall Model Diagram. Available: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/waterfall-model-diagram.html. Last accessed 15/08/2014

Korpella, M. (2002). software engineering. Information Systems development as an activity. 11 (1), 12-13.

Karim, A. (2014). The idea, the prototype and the real thing. Available: http://www.creativehive.org/post/3700. Last accessed 15/08/2014.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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principle of system analysis and design

By: btb074

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Science fiction films predicts future Space technology

By: tzafrir

The movie adaptation of the science fiction thriller "The Martian" written by Andy Weir is set to hit the screens in 2015.  .

Actor Matt Damon and director Scott have reportedly committed to the project, according to Hollywood report.  

Weir's "The Martian" (Crown Publishers, 2014) follows the story of astronaut Mark Watney, one of the first people on Mars. He is left behind by his crewmates after a dust storm tears through the area. His fellow astronauts assume he was killed during the tempest, and Watney has to find a way to survive being stranded on the Red Planet.

Author Andy Weir, hired as a computer programmer for a national laboratory at the age of 15, is now a SW engineer with a lifelong passion to space and science. "The Martian" is his first novel

The technical aspect behind the movie is the Complex systems design, advanced Real-Time Software and Space technology. To better understanding of those technologies you can refer to il.linkedin.com/pub/tsafrir-keynan/38/a60/409/ or https://twitter.com/TsafrirKeynan.

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Blogging

By: lzd926

Blogging

The negativity in international News

 It is often said that “a war is every journalist’s dream come true”. The reality of this however is that “a war in a distant country is every journalist’s dream”. Evidence of this can be found in today’s international news agencies which dedicate large chunks of their resources to the coverage of the different political conflicts that are taking place across the globe. At present save for the Ebola epidemic in the Western part of the African continent, the world’s attention is shared between the conflicts taking place in the Middle East as well as the political impasse in Eastern Ukraine. Whether it is Gaza, Iraq, Syria or the Ukraine, it is quite obvious that much of the reporting is carried out by Western journalists. The tone adopted when handling disasters such as the numerous school shootings is quite different from that used in handling incidents in other countries. The random mass shooting incidents by civilians and at times minors often get treated as isolated incidents while violent events in other countries appear to have blanket judgment applied to them making entire countries appear insecure. While this may be merely accidental, it is not hard to see why sections of the public from the rest of the world consider Western media outlets as having an imperialist agenda.

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Blogging

By: lzd926

Blogging

The negativity in international News

 It is often said that “a war is every journalist’s dream come true”. The reality of this however is that “a war in a distant country is every journalist’s dream”. Evidence of this can be found in today’s international news agencies which dedicate large chunks of their resources to the coverage of the different political conflicts that are taking place across the globe. At present save for the Ebola epidemic in the Western part of the African continent, the world’s attention is shared between the conflicts taking place in the Middle East as well as the political impasse in Eastern Ukraine. Whether it is Gaza, Iraq, Syria or the Ukraine, it is quite obvious that much of the reporting is carried out by Western journalists. The tone adopted when handling disasters such as the numerous school shootings is quite different from that used in handling incidents in other countries. The random mass shooting incidents by civilians and at times minors often get treated as isolated incidents while violent events in other countries appear to have blanket judgment applied to them making entire countries appear insecure. While this may be merely accidental, it is not hard to see why sections of the public from the rest of the world consider Western media outlets as having an imperialist agenda.

 

Evaluation

The issues raised in this blog are based on the top five news stories that featured prominently in major international news outlets through broadcast and internet-based media. These issues are also of great importance because of the implications of the conflicts and what they mean for different people across the globe. Issues such as the issuance of “No fly zones” in Israel and Ukraine have affected ordinary citizens across the world. While the humanitarian issue is of importance, there is a general bias for what can be considered to be ‘bad news’ in the coverage of stories across the world. The issues are also current thus making them significant to today’s readers who may be interested in the affairs of the media. Given that the point of view raised is potentially controversial, it is bound to become a talking point which further generates readership. This blog post will be shared through social media through the use of hashtags which generate and communicate talking points on platforms like Facebook, twitter and google+.

 

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Blogging

By: lzd926

Blogging

The negativity in international News

 It is often said that “a war is every journalist’s dream come true”. The reality of this however is that “a war in a distant country is every journalist’s dream”. Evidence of this can be found in today’s international news agencies which dedicate large chunks of their resources to the coverage of the different political conflicts that are taking place across the globe. At present save for the Ebola epidemic in the Western part of the African continent, the world’s attention is shared between the conflicts taking place in the Middle East as well as the political impasse in Eastern Ukraine. Whether it is Gaza, Iraq, Syria or the Ukraine, it is quite obvious that much of the reporting is carried out by Western journalists. The tone adopted when handling disasters such as the numerous school shootings is quite different from that used in handling incidents in other countries. The random mass shooting incidents by civilians and at times minors often get treated as isolated incidents while violent events in other countries appear to have blanket judgment applied to them making entire countries appear insecure. While this may be merely accidental, it is not hard to see why sections of the public from the rest of the world consider Western media outlets as having an imperialist agenda.

 

 

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WHY SHOULD YOGHURT BE INCLUDED IN YOUR EVERYDAY DIET

By: mohannadhamed

WHY SHOULD YOGHURT BE INCLUDED IN YOUR EVERYDAY DIET

Mohannad Hamed

Have you ever thought of including yoghurt in your diet? If you haven’t here is your chance to know about its qualities that could help your body become stronger and less prone to disease. This article is adapted from “The Benefits of Yogurt” by Elaine Magee, MPH RD from the site WebMD.

Benefit 1: Help Prevent Osteoporosis

Dr. Jeri Nieves, the director of bone density testing at New York’s Helen Hayes Hospital, had stated that the nutrients needed to prevent osteoporosis are Calcium and Vitamin D. Calcium is a nutrient that has beneficial effects on bone mass. A combination of Calcium and Vitamin D has a clear skeletal benefit. Vitamin D must be at least 400 IU per day. Some Yoghurt such as Bright Star Yoghurt contains added Vitamin D.

Benefit No. 2: Yogurt May Reduce the Risk of High Blood Pressure

A study made by Dr. Alvaro Alonso MD, PhD, a researcher from Harvard School of Public Health had stated that there is a reduction of 50% in the risk of high blood pressure among the people who eat 2-3 servings of low fat dairy a day.

Benefit No. 3: Yogurt with Active Cultures Helps the Gut

Yogurt with probiotic cultures helps the digestive system conditions. According to Jean Mayer from the US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Centre on aging at Tufts University, yoghurt helps prevent lactose intolerance, constipation, diarrhoea, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease and H.Pylori infection. Yoghurt enhances the body’s immune system; it optimizes the time the food takes to go through the bowel and creates good changes in the micro flora in the body.

Benefit No. 4: Yogurt with Active Cultures May Discourage Vaginal Infections

A common problem of women with diabetes is yeast infections in the vagina. A study was made with seven diabetic women who had the infection. Each consumed 6 ounces of yogurt per day with and without active cultures. Vaginal pH of the group eating yogurt with active cultures dropped from 6.0 to 4.0 pH. The women who ate yoghurt with active cultures remained at 6.0pH.

Benefit No. 5: Yogurt May Help You Feel Fuller

A study made from the University of Washington in Seattle had tested hunger, fullness and calories eaten at the next meal for 16 men and 16 women who had a 200 calorie snack. Snacks selected were semisolid yogurt, drinking yogurt, peach flavoured dairy beverage and peach juice. According to the results, the people who have chosen yoghurt snacks did not eat fewer calories at the next meal. Hunger ratings are lower and fullness rating is higher.

Recommendation

There are a lot of yoghurt choices in the market but the right choice must be selected in order to get all the benefits from the yoghurt selected. A good brand to choose is Bright Star Yoghurt. It contains a high dose of Vitamin D and Calcium and it has probiotics that help the body fight the bad bacteria.

Works Cited

Magee, E., 2007. The Benefits of Yogurt. [Online]
Available at: http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/benefits-of-yogurt?page=4
[Accessed July 2014].

 

 

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Family Poultry: Regaining its Lost Glory

By: lzd926

In the past decades, when agricultural revolution was still the household culture of the American economy as well as many other great western nations, the value of family poultry was never underestimated. However, this notion has changed with the growth of the economy and introduction of more innovative methods of farming. Despite this undeniable change in the mode of poultry farming, it cannot be disputed that the value of family poultry, which mainly centered on indigenous chicken, remains irreplaceable.

A report released by the Food and Agricultural Organization defines family poultry as a “small-scale poultry keeping by households using family labor and, wherever possible, locally available feed resources” (FAO, n.d., para.1). Inasmuch as there has been an improved method of rearing fast maturing and high-yielding chicken, indigenous poultry has reserved its golden place in the hearts of most farmers and consumers. Market values for the eggs produced by both exotic and indigenous breeds indicate that the latter fetch almost double the price of the former. In this regard, household farmers have adopted a new version of practising family poultry, where the venture has been commercialized, as opposed to the past when it only fulfilled the subsistence purpose.

In the United States, most households are now common with the characteristic of including a small space for keeping poultry, which was traditionally left for the upcountry dwellers. This is a clear evidence that people have seriously decided to adopt the practise, which has been found to be exceedingly profitable, even as the prices of white meat continue to rise steadily. In addition, health concerns surrounding modification of genetic makeups of the exotic poultry breeds, commonly known as GMOs, have instigated the move towards the rapid adoption of family poultry.

In light of the arguments presented above, what remains unsaid is that the emerging trend of this old style of farming can only promise to increase. As FAO provides more evidence here of the calculated benefits of family poultry, the United States can only accept that this practice is regaining its lost glory.  

Picture showing zero-grazed indigenous chicken

Description: http://www.agrowingculture.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/IndigenousChickenFI.jpg

Adapted from www.agrowingculture.org.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference

FAO (n.d.)  Small-scale poultry production.  Corporate document repository. Accessed on 10th August, 2014, from http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y5169e/y5169e02.htm.

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Understanding Lithium Batteries

Understanding Lithium Batteries

By: chappies01

If you have ever being approached by your engineering department to buy lithium batteries you may have learnt that through trial and error that not all lithium batteries are created equal. In this blog I hope to shed some light on the basics of lithium primary batteries in the hope that it will assist in your understanding of the various technologies under the lithium battery banner.

For the purpose of this blog I am going to focus on the 3,6 volt system comprising of the Li-SOCL2 chemistry or rather lithium-thionyl chloride. Effectively manufacturers of this chemical system such as SAFT Batteries, apply two basic methods in the construction of these cells. The user has a choice of either spiral wound technology or bobbin technology. As with all battery choices, there is always a compromise and the afore mentioned systems are a perfect example of such a compromise.

Lithium batteries that are of bobbin technology or method of construction offer the user greater capacity at the expense of reduced current delivery ability. On the other hand, lithium batteries (Li-SOCL2) that are built using spiral wound technology offeres reduced capacity but much greater current delivery ability. To illustrate the above I will use the example of the D size Li-SOCL2 cell, which is available in either a LSH20 model or a LS33600 model. The SAFT LSH20 model is a spiral wound cell that offers a capacity of 13Ah compared to its bobbin technology the SAFT LS33600 cell which offers the user 17Ah capacity. As mentioned the trade off is current VS capacity. This means that the user of the LSH20 cell can draw a constant current of 1,8Ah from the cell whilst the SAFT LS33600 lithium cell is only capably of delivering a constant current of 250mA.

In summary it is important to understand that Li-SOCL2 technology comprises of two types of technologies that will determine whether or not the technology you have selected will be capable of supplying your device with the required current. For more information on Lithium Battery technology visit http://www.justbatteries.co.za or call +27110238846.

In my next blog I will discuss passivation and how best to deal with it.

Written by: Gary Chapman, National Sales Manager at Just Batteries. 30 July 2014.

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Foundation to become a Marketing manager vietnam

By: MinhTrangVu

Paulo Coelho, the author of  “The winner stands alone” said that

“One day, you will wake up and there won’t be any more time to do the things you’ve always wanted. DO IT NOW.”

It is the saying that encourages me to make my dream come true study abroad in the UK. Beside that, since I studied in Foreign trade university in my country Vietnam, I do know that I want to become a Marketing Manager.

As a results of a difficult working and studying period, I chose to studyMSc Marketing at Salford Business School as an excellent preparation to my career in the future.

 

Scholarships and Bursaries

My first positive impression of this course is the variety of scholarships and bursaries thatSalford  Business School offers for international students. When I first applied for my MSc Marketing course, I was really surprised that I got both Vice Chancellor scholarship and Council bursary for International Students, which was a total amount is £4000 GBP. Then, whilst I was studying in the last semester, the Student Life sent me an email which contains the following sentences:

 “We recognise the hard work that you are putting into your MSc Marketing course whilst maintaining your university tuition fee payments and we feel that helping you to complete your payments will aid you in concentrating on your studies rather than worrying about your next payment(s). You do not need to do anything. We will credit your account automatically using internal channels and your instalment plan will be cancelled with your bank/card issuer.”
Can you imagine how happy I was at that moment? I immediately posted the status on my Facebook about the good news that I get 1000 GBP from ALF bursary at Salford Business School.

Student Support Service

I feel that the student support service is very professional – I am completely satisfied. The second impression is the moderned facilities that they supply, especially the library. They support everything I need such as laptops, computers, televisions etc. Moreover, all equipment such as print machine and borrow-return- book machine is up-to-date and automated. You only need to slide your student card on every machine, then they will automatically complete your order.
MediaCityUK-Campus
Image: The Egg – Media City UK campus
Furthermore, we have the friendly food area in the library, which also has computers so I can not only eat and drink there but also study and be entertained (listen to music or watch movies). Thus I always feel comfortable as if I am being at home even when I stay in the library.
Besides, as part of our Search and Social media marketing module, we  can borrow professional quality video cameras to conduct our group project. All the equipments such as cameras, microphones, headphones, tripods have professional functions and are of a very high quality. Whenever I have some questions, the staff and lecturers are really enthusiastic to answer and help me to make the most of the facilities offered.
MediaCityUK-studios
Image: Media City UK University of Salford campus
 

Try it and love it

I believe that if other students choose to study at Salford Business School, especially MSc Marketing course,  you will never regret about this decision like me.
Peel Park Campus
Image: Me and my friends in front of University of Salford’s Peel building

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Pursuing a career as an International Marketing Manager

By: AyseGumm

“International Marketing Manager?!”…this could be something many people think when reading this Title.

A general believe is that in a highly globalised world people become all the same around the globe. This is mainly due to the influence of the internet and social networks, where people across the world connect, and share their interests.

However, even though we are increasingly similar, we have differences. These differences among consumers are immensely underestimated by people doing business in international markets.

The environment of consumers contributes significantly to their beliefs, interests, and behaviour. The international markets might have differences in political, economic, socio-cultural, and technological aspects. An analysis of these factors helps marketers to apply an appropriate International Marketing strategy. Marketing activities such as pricing, advertising, or distribution change within cultures due to different perceptions.

 

As an international student living in the United Kingdom (UK) and not being British myself, I noticed that even being from another European country, there are still certain differences among culture and customs. The aspects of analysing international markets and developing international marketing plans is what interest me the most. This focused my career on the International Marketing Manager role.

Preparing for an international marketing manager role at the University of Salford

After six months of studying MSc Marketing at Salford Business School gained an insight into several interesting modules, and the cultural aspects of doing business in a world that is becoming increasingly international. Marketing a product in an international market bears more consideration and planning than I originally thought. I realise how important an understanding of international environmental differences is.

university-of-salford-peel-campus

Image: (CC) The Maxwell Hall and Maxwell Building, University of Salford Peel Campus; by mwmbwls

Cultural diversity is prevalent at the University of Salford, and brings together students and lecturers from all countries across the world. It showed me how differently people behave and talk with each other. An intercultural awareness might prevent misunderstandings and eventual problems, like for example disrespecting someone’s religious views.

Interacting with people from different countries also gives you knowledge about their cultures, their customs and traditions. Furthermore, such an educational environment helps you to gain an international network, which could be advantageous when considering future business development prospects.

Pictured left to right: Luis Santos (from Portugal), Maria Camila Villa Jurado (from Colombia), Vanessa Van Huynh (from Vietnam) and Rebecca Lee (from the UK).

Image: Salford Business School MSc Marketing students year 2013

Marketing practice

Companies are increasingly interested in distributing their products and services internationally. This offers them a range of opportunities when it is done effectively. Not taking into account cultural and linguistic characteristics can have negative impact on international business development. The literature shows various examples of companies failing when marketing their products and services in international markets. This happens through ignoring the importance of cultural awareness.

For example, Procter & Gamble released a TV commercial showing a man entering the bathroom and touching his wife, as she’s having a bath. This was perceived as inappropriate in Japan, and considered as a violation of privacy.

 

Being an International Marketing Manager it’s crucial to analyse foreign markets from a macro and micro level perspective. This analysis is useful for an effective Marketing strategy.

What is international marketing management for you?

Please use the comments section below or get in-touch with me on Twitter or LinkedIn

 

Source:

Ayse Gumm, 2014. Pursuing an International Marketing Manager career - learn from my experience at the University of Salford. Salford Business School Blog, [Online]. July 2014, 1. Available at: http://blogs.salford.ac.uk/business-school/?p=3691&preview=true [Accessed 24 July 2014].

 

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Kwaito isn't dead

Kwaito isn't dead

By: nataliabarbah

'Dead or alive' 

 

Kwaito music originated in Johannesburg in the 90’. The movement was started by the iconic crew The Trompies fronted by Jakarumba. Kwaito is the soul of South African music, bringing the young and old generations together, as one. It’s a combination of ragga, hip-hop, dance and pop. It plays a very important role in people’s lives. Many define it as a way of living, by capturing everyday life and struggles in their lyrics. Artists such as Jakarumba, Sbuda Juice and Kaos are pioneering in the South African music scene, bringing fresh sounds and grooves. Some South Africans believe that kwaito music is dying, because of constant changes in music and the industry focusing on mainstream genres such as hip-hop, house and R&B. Kwaito artists fight back by staying true to their roots and cherishing the original sound of kwaito. 

 

https://soundcloud.com/user609897604/kwaito-is-not-dead-2

 

By Natalia Barbah

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Multimedia web page

By: MarinaHristova

 

 

Holi comes to Salford

By Marina Hristova

HOLI, the festival of colour, was celebrated for the first time at the University of Salford.

Students dressed in white gathered at Castle Irwell Student Village to join the festival.

The University of Salford Indian Society organized the event on 5th April this year.

On the day of Holi students were throwing colourful powder in the air and painting themselves with various colours.

The reason for organizing the celebration in Salford is to promote equality and make people step back from their daily routine.

The festival comes at the end of the winter and marks the beginning of spring.

The Holi Festival is celebrated on the day of the fullmoon of the lunar month Phalguna (February/March).

‘International Festival’

Today Holi has become a global festival.

It is now celebrated by thousands all around the world. 

In New York, for instance, Holi parades are taken out where people are playing with colours in the midst. 

Bollywood actors also take part in the Holi celebrations around the USA.

In Trinidad and Tobago a special folk song is sung and played by two instruments - hand drum and cymbals. 

 

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An Italian Happy Hour is beneficial for the local economy

By: I.Elmi

Nino Francesco Caruso is a 27 year old Italian guy who dreamed to open a wine business in Manchester after studying Business and Management at the University of Durham in the North of England. In November 2013, Nino opened his small restaurant called Veeno, where people can drink Italian wine and eat Italian food.

Nino's family own a wine business in Sicily, in the South of Italy but Nino had always desired to import the Italian wine culture into the UK. At the same time, Nino aims to create more job opportunities for young people in Great Britain.

In his interview, Nino says that opening a business in Manchester is easier than in Italy, “In Manchester, I had subsidized in bureaucratic issues, I filled all the applications online in a short time and after two days my company was already registered. I didn't have to wait so long to get alcohol licenses. Aid from banks and the government guarantees scheme are a very important help for someone who is planning to start a business without having a significant amount of funds. The council is my guarantee, if I will not be able to move forward with my business, the council takes the responsibility to pay banks back. If the council believes that your business could be beneficial for the economy of the country, they are willing to help you”. Nino's business has had 20% increase in customer turnover over the last 6 months. After seeing the positive growth of his business, Nino plans to open a new shop in Leeds with the aim of spreading his business around the main cities in the United Kingdom.  

 

By Isabella Elmi

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The quality of nanoparticles

By: I.Elmi

At the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom, PhD student Pietro Locatelli (in the picture on the left) is working on the synthesis of polymeric segments that self-assemble into nanoparticles. The objective of this research is to control this process and the morphology of the nano particles by varying the initial chemical composition. The term nano refers to the size of these particles. A nanometre is 1 to minus 9 metre, which make anything of this size invisible to optical systems. The visualization of such small objects is possible only with powerful tools such as electron microscopes. In literature, nano particles have been also synthesised for drug delivery applications showing high potential for treatment of wide spread diseases such as cancer. Since the size of the human cell is at least 1000 times larger than a nanoparticle, the interaction between these two species is more efficient.

Functionalizing the surface of a nanoparticle with specific chemical groups, leads to cell targeting. Indeed, receptors present on the cell walls recognize these nanoparticles and absorb them. Once inside the cell, the particles break down and release the drug.

On the other hand, the traditional approach for the treatment of cancer does not employ any specific drug targeting. For instance, chemotherapy has a broad action on human beings killing both healthy and sick cells. Looking at the future, nano technologies might have the potential to bring a revolution in pharmaceutics and drug systems. Typically, the drug active element is encapsulated in a polymeric structure, such as a pill, which acts as a protection and carrier. Without this polymeric shield, the drug active element might be degraded before reaching its target due to the body parameters variation in acidity or oxidation environment. If this approach is scaled down to nano size, it would lead to a significant improvement and more efficient strategy in the delivery of generic drugs. 

 

By Isabella Elmi

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No Nuclear waste in the Cumbria county

By: I.Elmi

The Lake District is a natural park located in the north of England. After weighing up their options, in 1999 the council voted NO for putting nuclear waste in the rocks there.

William Head is a Nuclear PhD Student at the School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences of the University of Manchester. His research on the Nuclear waste disposal is about the analysis of areas where it is possible to find a long-term store for nuclear waste. William's aim is to try to see what happens when the soil fluids flow through the ground and interact with anything there and where it is going to flow to, fooling the systems of fractures in the rock. It was studied for safety reasons because those fluids could flow into the water making it dangerous. William uses a Lidar Scanner Laser which creates pictures in 3D which gives a better view of the rocks. This image was taken by William and it shows a laser scan of Rydal Cave in the Lake District (left) and also the orientations of fractures that he has picked (right). 

 

The only suitable area in the United Kingdom to set nuclear waste is the county Cumbria due to all the rocks there. William has been concentrating his research in Cumbria without the aim of putting nuclear waste on Lake District rocks. It is quite possible that the situation may change again in the future after another council voting. However, even if the situation doesn’t change in the Lake District, the study will still be beneficial for similar cases worldwide. 

 

By Isabella Elmi

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English as a foreign language: how much does it cost?

By: I.Elmi

Private English schools can be considered one of the main point which help the growth of a country's economy. English speaker countries such as United Kingdom, Ireland and USA have a high quantity of English School with many students from all around the world. However, United Kingdom seems to be the preferred choice for foreign people to learn English. Cities such as London, Manchester, Liverpool, etcetera, are full of English language schools where Europeans and also Asian and South American people, want to study English for short or long periods of time. Studying in a private English language school doing a general English course with duration of 4 weeks, costs about £800. Many students request help to those schools for accommodation solution. Many English families provide a room in their own home for foreign students. On average, a family's room costs £140 pounds per week, where £ 110 is what the family perceives, and £30 is the amount that the school earns each week for each student living with the family. However, from 2011 to 2013, the overall enrolment in English schools has decreased.

The graph shows the top ten countries where the majority of learners of English come from.

School prices increased of at least £20 per week every year. This could be a reason for the enrolment decrease, as the growth of prices determines the number of weeks that a learner wants to attend.

 

By Isabella Elmi

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Stop Motion Film

By: danbeeott

I recently made a stop-motion film using my iPhone 4. It was good fun but the overall finished piece lacked the impact I had hoped to achieve.

I have started planning out another version of the film 'SHEET' to add to my portfolio. I'll keep you guys posted of any updates and plans as they fall into place.

Keep an ear to the ground, stay tuned...

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Can you feel the vibe?

By: nataliabarbah

Kwaito movement in South Africa

Kwaito music has originated in Johannesburg, South Africa during the 1990s. The movement was started by the iconic crew The Trompies.Their members consist of Jakarumba, Mahoota, Spikiri and Mjokes started the movement. The crew members were brought up in the township of Soweto, in the outskirts of Johannesburg. They began to make music after completing musical studies at a local college. Kwaito is a unique genre of music, which is usually sung in at least one out of thirteen South African languages. Most popular languages that could be heard on Kwaito tracks are Zulu, Xhosa, Sotho and Tswana. Languages identify local communities’ spirit and celebrate the authenticity. The lyrical content of Kwaito songs reflects social, economical, political and environmental issues faced in townships of South Africa. It is a very meaningful and personal genre, which is significant to Pansula people and a number of communities. Artists quite often refer to their families, hometowns and the Bible. It shows the importance of their upbringing and devotion to God.

Kwaito has a number of musical influences such as reggae, rap, dance, house and pop. It used to be thought to be the ‘music of gangsters’, but thanks to the Trompies the genre has become increasingly respected in the music world. Their traditional Pansula outfits and street dance moves have gained them a number of fans across the country. Their records have sold more than five million copies, while their record label Kalawa Jazmee is the most successful black-owned record label in the world. The Trompies have transformed Kwaito music through their unique dance moves and individual style. Their 1997 single ‘Magasman’ recorded with Lebo Mathoso from Boom Shaka, has become a hit and a national anthem, which featured in three South African films.

The Trompies are the pioneeres of Kwaito and are mentioned whenever the kwaito culture is being discussed. Their audience includes working class youth and aspiring musicians in Southern Africa. Kwaito music is something they can relate to, but also find inspirations, enjoyment and understanding. For many young people it is a way of expressing themselves by transfering their thoughts onto paper and their feelings into beats.

Throughout their career the Trompies have faced many obstacles, both personal and professional. Their experiences are reflected in their music; however, they have stayed true to their roots and the original kwaito sound. The crew is no stranger to collaboration with up and coming artists as well as established musicians. Mixing modern and old school sounds, gives their music a unique flavour and fresh vibes. It is what appeals to their audiences and is in demand these days.

Kwaito music makes you escape into the unknown. It makes you understand the passion and the power of melody and rhythm, merged into one piece. The beauty of this genre lays in diversity; the use of languages, colourful outfits, body movement and the lyrical content. Understood by many and admired by loads of people, Kwaito is the language of freedom. It is very much alive and it will never die. 

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